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South African Mobile Networks Gamble on 2024: Expansion, Innovation, and Financial Strategies Unfold

Published December 30, 2023
7 months ago

The landscape of mobile communications in South Africa is poised for significant change in 2024 as the nation's leading mobile network operators (MNOs) sharpen their strategies for growth, technological advancement, and enhanced customer experience. December 2023 marked a period of insight revelation, with the country's top five MNOs—Vodacom, MTN, Telkom, Cell C, and Rain—sharing their diverse plans for the year ahead.


One of the most critical points on the 2024 agenda for these MNOs involves the advent of 5G technologies, coming alongside the next high-demand frequency spectrum auction set by the Independent Communications Authority of South Africa (Icasa). The inaugural auction in 2022 proved lucrative, raising a collective R14.4 billion and allowing MNOs to enhance their network coverage and performance significantly. Yet, the upcoming auction carries a layer of uncertainty, with companies like Telkom requesting a postponement to 2025 to enable thorough research, raising questions about industry readiness and participation, including that of the financially encumbered Cell C.


Despite these uncertainties, Vodacom, through its spokesperson Byron Kennedy, relayed a robust intent to solidify its position as a fibre network leader. Its proposed acquisition of a 30% stake in Maziv remains under scrutiny, following the Competition Commission's recommendation against the merger. However, Vodacom is steadfast in its belief that the deal would catalyze the bridging of the digital divide within vulnerable communities, ushering in much-needed economic development.


Kennedy was cautious not to unveil too much about Vodacom's future product offerings or specific 5G rollout plans, citing the industry's competitive landscape. Nevertheless, the company pledged to provide customers with a premium 5G experience by continuing to push the envelope on emerging technologies such as the Internet of Things (IoT).


MTN is no less ambitious, setting sights on significant network infrastructure investment to render its customer experience 'epic.' Keeping its narrative customer-focused, MTN plans to further develop its network resilience programme to withstand load-shedding and outages effectively. Its "Ultra-Rural Rollout" is another cornerstone initiative to bring high-speed connectivity to remote and traditionally neglected areas, pledging 95% rural broadband coverage by 2025. To cap it off, MTN is committed to green energy, with a 4.5MW Solar Park underway to power its headquarters primarily by solar energy.


Launching into the 5G domain, Telkom shared its mid-year target of inaugurating a mobile 5G network, backed by comprehensive device testing and certification. Financially, the company is prioritizing top-line growth and the implementation of a 'value unlock strategy,' alongside infrastructure consolidation into the Telkom Infraco entity. Additionally, Telkom aims to utilize its FutureMakers initiative alongside a partnership with Absa to effect social impact, targeting 100,000 lives via support for small, medium, and micro enterprises (SMMEs).


Cell C's outlook centers around regaining financial stability and promoting growth through a turnaround strategy. The operator's focus is on management reformation, network modernization, and embracing a 'capex-light model.' Cell C envisions itself leading through innovation, aiming to directly address consumer pain points with pertinent solutions.


Rain, while less revealing, rides on its 2023 achievements and assures that further developments are in store for 2024, particularly leveraging its comprehensive mobile network launch.


From the detailed plans, it is evident that South Africa's MNOs have substantial challenges to tackle and opportunities to seize in 2024. The overarching threads of 5G expansion, infrastructure development, financial strategies, and overcoming environmental and energy obstacles indicate a transformative year for the country's mobile industry.



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